So, a guy I know decided to take a trip up to the north end of California, some time ago, with the idea of doing some bird-hunting up in the mountains. His wife went along (planning to hike and swim) although she's not a hunter herself.
He found a good location at the edge of a meadow, where he was pretty sure that doves and other game-birds would gather before dawn, and staked out his spot. The next morning, he crept quietly up to the edge of the meadow, checked carefully for other hunters (there were none), loaded his shotgun, and waited. Just as the sun arose, he spotted motion in the meadow, aimed, and fired. A flock of mourning doves took off, and he was able to bring down two others before the rest flew out of range.
He walked out into the meadow to collect his quarry... and was shocked to realize that his first round had gone amiss. What he had thought was a dove wasn't a bird at all - he'd fired at, and killed a snowshoe hare that had been feeding near the flock. Not wanting to waste the meat, he picked it up, found the two doves, and walked back to his camp... and his luck suddenly became worse. There was a Fish & Wildlife ranger checking licenses... and it wasn't rabbit season. He was cited for killing a hare out of season.
It turned out that the judge down at the County Courthouse had some time available on the calendar that very day, so the hunter decided to throw himself on the mercy of the court. He explained his mistake to the judge, pointing out that he'd had the sun in his eyes and had simply mistaken the half-seen ears of the hare for the head of a dove.
The judge was skeptical, and insisted that the hunter draw a diagram of where he'd been, how he'd fired, and the exact timing of the incident. Fortunately, the hunter's wife had also seen what had happened, and (when placed under oath and questioned separately) her description of what happened exactly matched the hunter's.
The judge said "Well, sir, you're in luck. If you'd killed that hare later, when there was good light to see, I could only have assumed that you were acting deliberately and I would have fined you and suspended your hunting license. However, I know that it's always darkest before the dawn... and you and your wife have convinced me that your first dove was the Lepus. Charges are dismissed."